An apparatus for flamelessly reconcentrating liquid desiccant including
vertically disposed upper and lower enclosed reboiler chambers having
an enclosed heating section interposed therebetween. Water-rich
liquid desiccant is continuously recirculated between the upper
and lower reboiler drums through riser conduits disposed within
the heating section and return conduits exterior thereof. Simultaneously
with the recirculation of the water-rich liquid desiccant an exhaust
gas stream from a prime mover is passed through the heating section
to convectionally heat the liquid desiccant within the riser conduits
causing disengagement of water vapors therefrom. The upper drum
includes an outlet for the disengaged water vapors and also an outlet
for the resultant water-lean liquid desiccant.
What is claimed:
1. A vertical reboiler for reconcentrating liquid desiccant through
utilization of exhaust gas from a prime mover comprising:
a. an elongated vertically disposed enclosed vessel having an upper
enclosed reboiler chamber, a lower enclosed reboiler chamber and
an enclosed heating chamber interposed therebetween.
b. said upper chamber having centrally disposed water-rich-desiccant
inlet means at the upper end thereof, a first outlet for disengaged
water vapors also centrally disposed at the upper end thereof, water-rich-desiccant
receiving tray disposed below the inlet means and above the liquid
desiccant contained in the upper chamber, first downcomer means
disposed outside the housing, the ends thereof being in open communication
with the receiving tray and the lower chamber, second outlet spaced
below the receiving tray for removing heated water-lean-desiccant,
second downcomer means disposed outside of the housing connecting
the lower portion of the upper chambers to the lower chamber for
recirculation of the dessicant.
c. a plurality of spaced apart open-ended riser conduits vertically
disposed and carried by the heating section, the lower ends thereof
in communication with the upper portion of the lower chamber and
the upper ends extending into the upper drum above the said second
d. said heating chamber enveloping the lower portion of said riser
conduits for convection heating of the desiccant within the risers,
and having exhaust gas inlet means on one side thereof and oppositely
disposed exhaust gas outlet means.
2. A vertical reboiler as set forth in claim 1 and including heat
exchanger means operably connected to said second outlet and the
water-rich-desiccant inlet means for preheating the water-rich-desiccant
from the heated water-lean-desiccant by convection.
3. A vertical reboiler as set forth in claim 1 and including an
enclosed water-lean-desiccant surge compartment within the housing
below the lower reboiler chamber operably connected to said second
outlet for receiving lean-desiccant, and outlet port at the bottom
of said surge compartment for removing said lean-desiccant.
4. A vertical reboiler as set forth in claim 1 and including vapor
cap means disposed within the upper reboiler chamber directly over
the upper ends of the risers for directing the liquid desiccant
down into the lower portion of the upper reboiler chamber and dislodging
5. A vertical reboiler as set forth in claim 1 and including means
carried by the housing for removing the upper reboiler chamber from
the heating chamber and for removing heating chamber from the lower
6. A vertical reboiler as set forth in claim 1 wherein the vessel
includes vertical expansion joint means for heat change compensation.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Liquid desiccants such as diethylene glycol or triethylene glycol,
which may be subsequently referred to simply as glycol, have been
widely accepted and are presently being used for dehydrating natural
gas streams. The dehydration occurs by the intimate mixing of the
gas stream with the liquid desiccant and the removal of water from
the gas stream because of the greater affinity of water for the
glycol than the gas stream.
The resultant moisture laden or water-rich glycol then must be
dehydrated itself. Presently this dehydration of the glycol is accomplished
by heating or reboiling the liquid above its boiling point so that
the water is driven off and water-lean glycol is collected to be
recycled to the contact zone of the natural gas stream.
A fire tube having an open flame is usually utilized to heat the
water-laden glycol. In many situations the use of an open flame
presents a problem due to the fire danger inherent to the use thereof.
One situation occurs on off-shore platforms which are many miles
from any fire fighting equipment and hence requires that all fire
hazards be reduced to a minimum.
Space on off-shore platforms comes at a premium. Therefore, the
normally used reboiler systems which are in the form of vertically
stacked elongated horizontal drums very often take up too much floor
Most gas gathering systems, have included therein internal combustion
type prime movers such as piston driven engines or gas fired turbines
which utilize hydrocarbon fluids as fuel. All of these engines produce
fairly high temperature exhaust gases, usually in the range from
700.degree. to 1300.degree. F. which when exhausted directly to
atmosphere represent the loss of amount of recoverable energy in
the form of heat. Such losses have heretofore been considered to
be largely unavoidable and in only isolated instances have efforts
been extended to recover this energy.
It is therefore an object of this invention to present a method
and apparatus for flamelessly reconcentrating liquid desiccant through
utilization of heat energy produced by an exhaust gas stream emanating
from a prime mover and to perform these functions in a vertically
disposed unit having reduced floor space.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Liquid desiccant is continually recirculated between enclosed upper
and lower reboiler chambers through riser and return conduits. The
riser conduits are disposed within an enclosed heating section through
which a stream of hot exhaust gases passes to convectionally heat
the liquid desiccant within the riser conduits. Water vapor disengaged
by the heating is removed through an outlet in the upper drum and
the resultant water-lean desiccant is removed therefrom through
a second outlet.
It is also a feature of the present invention to construct the
reboiler systems within the confines of a vertically disposed vessel.
This requires the rich glycol inlet to be located in the near proximity
of the lean-glycol outlet. Hence, instead of compartmentalizing
the upper reboiler as with the prior art, receiving tray means is
included to receive and divert the rich-glycol to the lower reboiler
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a side view of the apparatus of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the apparatus taken along line
2--2 of FIG. 1.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Referring to the drawings, the reconcentration system 10 of this
invention comprises an elongated vertically disposed enclosed vessel
12 having three main sections, an upper reboiler chamber 14 a lower
reboiler chamber 16 and an enclosed heating section 18 disposed
The vessel 12 is mounted on a suitable sled or mounting apparatus
20 which is in turn positioned on a platform or other suitable means
22. The lower end of the vessel 12 also comprises a third enclosed
compartment 24 which serves as a holding tank or surge tank for
processed water-lean-desiccant as hereinafter described.
The upper reboiler chamber 14 comprises a cylindrical housing 26
enclosed at the upper end thereof by a dome or end plate 28 and
is provided at the lower end thereof with a suitable flange 30.
The dome 28 is provided with a centrally disposed vapor outlet port
32 which is normally connected to the lower end of the distillation
column or the like (not shown). As a part of the vapor outlet 32
there is a water-rich-desiccant inlet 34 which will be hereinafter
more fully described.
A horizontally disposed rich-desiccant receiving tray 36 is disposed
within the upper chamber 14 directly below the rich-desiccant inlet
34. The tray 36 is provided with sidewalls 38 for retaining the
rich desiccant and a rich desiccant outlet port 40 extending through
the upper housing 26 and connected to a downcomer 42 disposed outside
the vessel 12. The lower end of the downcomer 42 is connected in
open communication with the lower reboiler chamber 16 by an inlet
port 44. The purpose of the downcomer is to transmit the received
rich-desiccant from the receiving tray 36 into the lower reboiler
The upper housing 26 is also provided with a plurality of outlet
ports 46 in the lower portion thereof, each being connected to downcomers
48. The lower end of the downcomers 48 are in open communication
with the lower reboiler chamber 16 by means of inlet ports 50. The
downcomers 48 are for the purpose of recirculating desiccant being
processed by the reboiler in a manner that will be hereinafter set
A lean desiccant outlet port 45 is located in the wall of the upper
housing 26 and is spaced above the outlets 46 but below the receiving
tray 36 for removing reconcentrated desiccant therefrom in a manner
hereinafter set forth.
The lower reboiling chamber 16 and surge tank 24 comprises a lower
enclosed cylindrical housing 50 closed at the lower end by a dome
or end plate 52 the upper end thereof being provided with a flange
member 54. The sidewall of the housing 52 is provided with an inlet
port 56 for receiving lean desiccant therethrough. The lower central
portion of the domed end plate 54 is provided with a lean desiccant
outlet port 58 for the removal of the lean desiccant that has been
processed by the reboiler. The lower reboiler chamber 16 and the
surge tank 24 are separated by means of a divider plate 53.
The heating chamber 18 comprises a cylindrical housing 60 enclosed
by end plates 62 and 64 for separating the heating chamber 18 from
the upper reboiler chamber 14 and the lower reboiler chamber 16.
These plates may be attached to the cylinder section 60 by welding
or other similar means and of a suitable diameter to create flange
portions 66 and 68 which are joinable with the flanges 30 and 54
of the upper and lower housing 26 and 52 respectively. The flanges
30 and 62 may be attached by a plurality of bolts 70 or other suitable
clamping apparatus. The flanges 54 and 68 are likewise secured by
a plurality of bolts 72 or suitable clamping mechanisms.
The cylindrical housing 60 is provided with one or more expansion
rings 74 and 76 to compensate for high temperatures introduced into
the heating section 18. A hot air exhaust inlet 78 is provided through
one side of the cylindrical housing 60 and a similar exhaust port
80 is provided through the opposite sides of the housing for the
circulation of hot gases through the section 18.
A plurality of finned elongated spaced tubes 82 are vertically
disposed within the heating chamber 18 with the lower open ends
thereof extending through the bottom end plate 64 into open communication
with the lower reboiler chamber 16. The upper open ends of the tubes
82 extend through the top end plate 62 into the upper reboiler chamber
14 whereby the ends thereof extend above the level of the lean desiccant
outlet port 45 and below the receiving tray 36.
The plurality of finned tubes 82 will hereinafter be referred to
as risers and are for the purpose of percolating or transmitting
the liquid desiccant from the lower reboiler chamber 16 into the
upper reboiler chamber 14.
A plurality of vapor caps 84 are disposed within the upper reboiler
chamber 14 directly over each upper open end of the risers 82. These
vapor caps 84 may be in the form of downwardly facing spaced angle
irons, attached to the walls of the upper housing 26. The vapor
caps 84 serve the purposes of directing the liquid out of the riser
pipes down into the upper chamber 14 while allowing the boiled off
water vapors to escape through the vapor outlet port 32 at the top
of the vessel 12.
The reboiler system 10 may also include desiccant preheating apparatus
86 which comprises a heated-lean-desiccant chamber 88 having inlet
port 90 operably connected to the outlet port 45 of the reboiler
drum by means of suitable piping 92. The vessel 88 also has an oppositely
disposed outlet port 94 operably connected to the inlet port 56
of the surge tank 24 by means of suitable piping 96. The water-rich-desiccant
is piped into the heat exchanger vessel 88 by means of suitable
piping 98 and is routed through the interior of the vessel 88 by
helical coil 100 or the like for providing greater surface contact
with the hot-lean-desiccant located therein. The heated water-rich-desiccant
is then transmitted by suitable piping 102 into the inlet port 34
at the upper end of the reboiler vessel 12.
In operation, water-rich-desiccant is preheated by way of the heat
exchanger means 86 and introduced into the reboiler vessel through
the port 34. The water-rich-desiccant then falls into the splash
receiving tray 36 in the upper reboiler chamber 14 whereby any water
vapors that are dislodged thereby may escape through the vapor outlet
port 32. The rich desiccant is then transferred from the tray 36
by means of the downcomer 42 into the lower reboiler chamber 16.
When this chamber reaches capacity, the liquid desiccant moves up
through the risers 82 and is heated within the risers by means of
the hot exhaust gases that are being passed through the heating
chamber 18. The desiccant then is diverted by the vapor caps 84
into the lower part of the upper reboiler 14 where it is allowed
to recirculate back through the lower reboiler chamber 16 by means
of a plurality of downcomer pipes 48.
This recirculation continues until the liquid level in the upper
reboiler reaches the outlet port 45. By this time a major portion
of the water carried by the desiccant has been boiled off and the
vapors thereof allowed to escape through the vapor outlet port 32.
The upper leanest portion of the desiccant is then allowed to flow
out of the outlet 45 and is transmitted via the pipe 92 into the
heat exchanger vessel 88. The lean-desiccant is then transferred,
via the pipe 96 into the surge chamber 24 of the reboiler vessel
where it is contained until being removed for use via the drain
From the foregoing, it is obvious that the invention described
herein provides a vertically oriented flameless reboiler which is
capable of receiving rich-desiccant in the central upper end thereof
for processing by the flameless reboiler for the purpose of removing
water entrained by the desiccant.
Whereas, the present invention has been described in particular
relation to the drawings attached hereto it is obvious that other
and further modifications, apart from those shown or suggested herein,
may be made within the spirt and scope of the invention.