The invention relates to a filter cloth for disk filters with in
particular sector-shaped filter cells from a filter cloth. Into
this filter cloth are directly integrated reinforcements in the
form of U-shaped clips, where they are fixed in seams or hollow
seams or loops.
1. A device for use with a disk filter cell, said device comprising:
filter cloth means for use with a sector-shaped disk filter cell;
reinforcement means directly integrated into said filter cloth
means, said reinforcement means being U-shaped clamps made from
metal, plastic, or some other rigid material, and a leg spacing
of said U-shaped clamps being adapted to the sector-shaped disk
filter cell thickness.
2. A device according to claim 1, wherein the clamps have a flat
or circular profile.
3. A device according to claim 1, wherein the legs of the clamps
are fixed in a seam formed by the joint of two filter bag halves.
4. A device according to claim 1, wherein the legs of the clamps
are in each case fixed in a hollow seam obtained by sewing a striplike
piece of fabric on to the filter cloth fabric.
5. A device according to claim 1, wherein the legs of the clamps
are fixed in loops provided on the filter cloth fabric.
6. A filter cloth according to claim 1, wherein the reinforcement
means are firmly or fixedly incorporated into the fabric.
7. A filter cloth according to claim 1, wherein the reinforcement
means are radial and/or arcuate.
8. A filter cloth according to claim 1, wherein one filter cell
has several reinforcements.
9. A filter cloth according to claim 1, wherein at least two reinforcements
run in V-shaped manner towards a centre of the disk filter cell
from a common point on an outer circumferential edge of the disk
10. A filter cloth according to claim 1, wherein the U-shaped clamps
are constructed as forks, which can be telescoped into one another,
which engage from their edges over the filter cell and whose free
U-shaped legs overlap in a telescoped region.
11. A filter cloth according to claim 10, wherein the U-shaped
clamps are circumferentially arranged.
The invention relates to a filter cloth for a disk filter with
in particular sector-shaped filter cells having reinforcements.
As is known, in the case of disk filters, it is necessary to remove
at the end of a filtering cycle the filter cake which has grown
up on the filter cloth during the filtering process. This is generally
carried out with compressed air, which is blown into the inner area
of the filter cell. The compressed air blast acting on the filter
cloth during this blowing in procedure should have a very steep
step of the compressed air rise profile, so that the filter cake
can be completely detached from the filter cloth. However, excessive
bulging of the filter cloth is not desired, because an excessive
air quantity must be blown into the cell. This means a high air
consumption and consequently an undesired energy consumption. In
addition, the blowing time becomes too long, so that it is not possible
to operate at high speeds. The overlap time is not sufficient for
filling the inner area of the bag with air. Another disadvantage
is that large bulges also give rise to high stresses within the
filter cloth which reduce the service life thereof.
Another disadvantage of the excessively bulging filter cloth is
that the air cannot escape fast enough and consequently the filter
cloth passes through the scraper in the inflated state and grazes
along the same.
Thus, such a disk filter has two perforated plates or strainers,
on to which the filter cloth is fixed by means of clamping strips.
The latter can have a radial and/or arcuate and/or star-like and/or
plate-shaped configuration. However, the essential point in the
case of this disk filter is that in addition to the perforated plates,
clamping strips are also required for fixing the filter cloth in
order to prevent excessive bulging of the latter. A reequipping
of existing filter systems causes problems, because perforated plates
and clamping strips must be correspondingly adapted, so that the
undesired excessive bulging is prevented.
The problem of the invention is therefore to provide a filter cloth,
in connection with which it is possible to prevent excessive bulging
in simple manner during the compressed air action for removing the
According to the invention this problem is solved in that the reinforcements
are directly integrated into the fabric of the filter cloth.
Thus, in the case of the present invention, there is no need for
cooperation between clamping strips and perforated plates, in order
to obtain the desired reinforcements for the filter cloth. Instead,
the reinforcements are directly integrated into the filter cloth,
so that when reequipping an existing filter system, it is merely
necessary to adapt the filter cloth with its reinforcements to the
According to an advantageous further development of the invention,
the reinforcements comprise U-shaped clips or clamps made from metal
or plastic or some other rigid material, whose leg or end spacing
is adapted to the disk filter segment thickness. The clips can have
a flat or a circular profile.
The legs of these clips are, for example, fixed in a seam formed
by the joint of two filter bag or pouch halves, or in a hollow seam
obtained by sewing a strip-like piece of fabric on to the filter
cloth fabric, or in loops provided on the filter cloth fabric. As
a result it is possible in simple manner to integrate the clips
forming the reinforcements to the filter cloth fabric. It is sufficient
if the free ends or legs of the clips are introduced into the seams,
hollow seams or straps and this simultaneously leads to a fixing
of the disk filter segment thickness.
In addition, the ends of the clip legs can be fixed by straps,
which leads to a paticularly reliable connection between the fabric
and the clips. It is also possible to fix the ends of the clip legs
by a further clip or buckle fitted to the outside of the filter
The reinforcements can be directed in a radial or an arcuate manner.
All that is important is that the reinforcements are guided in such
a way that excessive bulging of the filter cloth is prevented during
the compressed air action.
The reinforcements can also be firmly incorporated into the fabric,
i.e. the reinforcements in the form of flat or circular profiles
can be firmly or fixedly sewn into the hollow seams of the fabric.
It is finally also possible for a filter cell to have several reinforcements,
which is particularly the case if said cell has a relatively large
surface area, so that large bulges are to be feared.
The material for the reinforcements or clips are chosen as a function
of the intended use of the disk filter. If the disk filter is to
be used for treating particularly aggressive materials, then the
reinforcements are appropriately made from top-quality steel or
a suitable plastic.
The filter cloth according to the invention can also be used together
with a perforated plate or strainer, on whose surface it is placed.
This is particularly the case if the disk filter has a relatively
large diameter. However, such a perforated plate is not necessary
for smaller diameters.
If the perforated plate has a concave configuration, so that the
volume to be filled with compressed air is kept very small, then
the reinforcements should also be concave corresponding to the perforated
plate, so that the filter cloth is adapted to the concave surface
of the perforated plate.
The invention makes it possible to obtain a filter cloth for a
disk filter, in which the reinforcements are directly integrated
into the filter cloth fabric, so that there is no need to provide
special measures consisting of the cooperation of the clamping strips
and a perforated plate, merely for securing the filter cloth.
The invention is described in greater detail hereinafter relative
FIGS. 1 to 5, each of which shows a sector-shaped filter cell of
the filter cloth.
FIG. 1 shows a sector-shaped filter cell 1, which comprises a filter
cloth 2 forming two filter bag halves. Through the sewing on of
strip-like fabric pieces 3, 4 two hollow seams 5, 6 are formed,
into which can be introduced a clip 7 made from metal or plastic
or some other rigid material having a flat profile. This clip 7
has a U-shaped construction and has legs 8, 9, each of which is
fixed into one of the hollow seams 5, 6. The distance d between
legs 8, 9 of clip 7 is precisely adapted to the disk filter segment
thickness d. Thus, when legs 8, 9 of clip 7 are introduced into
hollow seams 5, 6 of filter cell 1, then the segment thickness of
the latter is reinforced by clip 7.
In addition, at the head end of filter cell 1 it is e.g. possible
to provide two straps 10, 11, which particularly reliably fix the
ends of legs 8, 9 of clip 7.
Straps 10 and 11 are applied to the filter segment made from plastic,
metal or some other appropriate material, so that the leg ends of
the clip acquire an additional hold. It is also possible to provide
an additional clip or buckle on the outside of the fabric, to ensure
that the ends of legs 8, 9 of clip 7 are particularly well fixed.
FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the invention, in which leg
3 of clip 7 is secured by loops 12, which are sewn on to the surface
of filter cloth 2. It is obviously also possible to provide these
loops 12 on the inside of filter cloth 2.
FIG. 3 shows a filter cell with a particularly large filter segment
surface. In order to obtain the desired reinforcement, said filter
segment surface is subdivided by several hollow seams 5, 6, 15,
16 and 25, 26. In place of said hollow seams, it is obviously also
possible to use loops in accordance with the embodiment of FIG.
FIG. 4 shows an embodiment of the invention in which the hollow
seams 35, 36 and 45, 46 for receiving the reinforcements are arcuate
and not radial as in the other embodiments. It would also be possible
to provide such arcuate reinforcements in addition to radial reinforcements.
The U-shaped legs 18a, 18b of the U-shaped fork 17a are introduced
into the hollow seams 35, 36 from one side, whilst the U-shaped
legs 19a, 19b of U-shaped fork 17b are inserted from the other side.
The free ends of the two U-shaped legs 19a 19b pass at the points
indicated by arrows into the frontal openings of the U-shaped legs
18a, 18b, which are constructed as hollow profiles. In the case
of an adequate rigidity of the clips, no additional holding support
is required in this embodiment, because the two clips reciprocally
secure one another.
FIG. 5 shows another embodiment of the invention, in which the
hollow seams 55, 65 run in V-shaped manner from a common point on
the circumference of filter cell 1 towards the centre of the disk.
This embodiment is particularly advantageous for very wide filter
cells. Thus, a particularly large surface of the filter cell is
so subdivided by the embodiment of FIG. 5 that no large bulge can