A device for measuring fluid volume output by a pump includes a
meter housing having an inlet and an outlet through which the fluid
flows. At least two inter-engaging screw spindles are rotatably
mounted within the meter housing and are rotatable in response to
fluid flow in an axial direction through the housing. An exciter
disc is arranged in the fluid flow in the meter housing and connected
to one of the at least two inter-engaging screw spindles for rotation
therewith. The exciter disc has at least one substantially planar
surface and a plurality of magnets circularly arranged thereon with
their fields in an axial direction relative to the exciter disc.
The meter housing is configured to form a gap and the exciter disc
penetrates the gap, whereby a region of the meter housing is in
close proximity to and extends over a portion of the planar surface
of the exciter disc. At least two magnetic-sensitive detectors are
disposed in the region of the meter housing proximate to and spaced
from the exciter disc for cooperating with the magnets of the exciter
disc for producing a signal representing rotation of the exciter
What is claimed is:
1. A device for measuring fluid volume, comprising:
a meter housing having an inlet and an outlet through which the
at least two inter-engaging screw spindles rotatably mounted within
the meter housing and being rotatable in response to fluid flow
in an axial direction through the housing;
an exciter disc arranged in the fluid flow in the meter housing
and connected to one of the at least two inter-engaging screw spindles
for rotation therewith, the exciter disc having at least one substantially
planar surface and a plurality of magnets arranged thereon with
their fields in an axial direction relative to the exciter disc,
wherein the meter housing is configured to form a gap and the exciter
disc penetrates the gap whereby a region in the meter housing accessible
from outside the meter housing is in close proximity to and extends
over a portion of the planar surface of the exciter disc; and
at least two magnetic-sensitive detectors disposed in said region
of the meter housing proximate to and spaced from the exciter disc,
for cooperating with the magnets of the exciter disc for producing
a signal representing rotation of the exciter disc, wherein said
at least two magnetic sensitive detectors are accessible in said
region from outside the meter housing.
2. A device according to claim 1 wherein the detectors are Hall
3. A device according to claim 1 wherein the meter housing has
a measuring chamber through which the fluid flows, including a detector
chamber, in which the detectors are disposed, with a wall proximate
to the exciter disc forming the gap.
4. A device according to claim 3 wherein the meter housing includes
a spindle housing section having the at least two inter-engaging
spindles disposed within and a housing section mounted on the spindle
housing section, the housing section enclosing the detector chamber.
5. A device according to claim 3 wherein the one spindle to which
the exciter disc is connected has a spindle bearing, and further
a screen disposed in the meter housing above the spindle bearing
and opposite the wall proximate the exciter disc, the screen having
a central aperture through which fluid exits.
6. A device according to claim 3 wherein a flow channel in the
measuring chamber in a region of the exciter disc has a cross-sectional
area which is greater than or equal to the smallest cross-sectional
area of the fluid flow.
7. A device according to claim 3 wherein the detector chamber
contains more than two hall effect sensors.
8. A device according to claim 1 wherein the exciter disc carries
magnets uniformly disposed in a circle on the disc.
9. A device according to claim 8 wherein the exciter disc carries
eight (8) magnets.
10. A device according to claim 1 wherein the diameter of the
exciter disc corresponds approximately to the diameter of the one
inter-engaging screw spindle.
11. A device according to claim 1 wherein exciter disc is a circular
disc, having a smooth surface.
12. The device according to claim 1 wherein the device constitutes
a device for measuring liquid fuel in a petrol pump.
13. A method of measuring liquid fuel volume output by a petrol
pump, comprising utilizing the device according to claim 1.
14. A meter for measuring fluid flow comprising:
a meter housing defining a chamber, the chamber having a fluid
inlet and a fluid outlet;
two inter-engaging screw spindles within the chamber rotatably
mounted between the inlet and outlet whereby fluid flows axially
relative to the spindles, the spindles being arranged such that
fluid flow urges the spindles to rotate;
an exciter disc within the chamber, the exciter disc comprising
a plurality of magnets and being connected to one of the screw spindles;
at least two magnetic-sensitive detectors mounted outside of the
chamber in a region that extends over the exciter disc proximate
to said magnets within said chamber and accessible from outside
the chamber, which sensors cooperate with the magnets to detect
rotation of the exciter disc.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The invention concerns a flow meter, particularly for liquid fuels
in petrol pumps, with at least two inter-engaging screw spindles
through which liquid can flow in the axial direction and which are
mounted at their ends in a housing so as to rotate, wherein the
housing includes a measuring chamber through which liquid can flow
and in which an exciter disc, which is rigidly connected to one
of the spindle, can rotate in order to cooperate with a detector
at the housing end.
A generic flow meter is known from EP 05 72 621. The flow meter
disclosed therein is used in petrol pumps for liquid fuels, such
as Petrol, Diesel or similar. High levels of accuracy are demanded
from such measuring arrangements, the device must be able to be
calibrated and, in addition, a device of this type must be relatively
inexpensive in manufacture and have a long service life. The measuring
device described contains a case, in which two intermeshing screw
spindles are arranged. The screw spindles are mounted at each end,
so as to rotate with easy action. The outer flanks of the screw
spindles rotate very closely to the inner case wall in corresponding
bores. From one of the axial directions the fluid to be measured
flows into the spindle arrangement where the rate of its flow causes
the spindles to rotate. The fluid leaves the spindle arrangement
at the opposite axial direction and passes through a measuring chamber,
in which an exciter disc, which is rigidly connected to one of the
spindles, is allowed to rotate. The exciter disc, rotating in the
flow of the fluid, co-operates with a detector at the housing end,
which receives information on rotational speed transmitted by the
exciter disc and which feeds this to an electronic evaluation circuit
to convert the measured pulses into values of volume. From DE 42
08 869 a device is also known to determine the volumetric flow in
a fuel line. In that case a steel pole wheel is fitted to the end
of a spindle which co-operates with an inductive proximity switch.
To enable identification of the direction of rotation of the spindles,
two proximity switches are provided and screwed into the housing,
opposite but offset to each other, and reaching into the fluid flow
within the measuring chamber. The disadvantage of such proximity
switches is their complex method of assembly, since they have to
be screwed into appropriately tapped holes in the measuring chamber
and are then directly positioned within the flameproofed section
of the measuring arrangement. In addition, proximity switches require
a large cross section of the measuring chamber flow channel.
Correct operation of a generic flow meter assumes, that the spindles
are allowed to rotate with a minimum application of force. This
requires, that the braking action caused by an exciter disc, rotating
within the fluid, is minimised.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It is a object of the invention to improve manufacturing techniques
and operational functions of such a generic device.
Such purpose is met by the invention wherein there is provided
a device for measuring fluid volume output by a pump, comprising:
a meter housing having an inlet and an outlet through which the
fluid flows; at least two inter-engaging screw spindles rotatably
mounted within the meter housing and being rotatable in response
to fluid flow through the housing; an exciter disc arranged in the
fluid flow in the meter housing and connected to one of the at least
two inter-engaging screw spindles for rotation therewith, the exciter
disc having at least one substantially planar surface and a plurality
of magnets arranged thereon with their fields in an axial direction
relative to the exciter disc, wherein the meter housing is configured
to form a gap and the exciter disc penetrates the gap whereby a
region of the meter housing is in close proximity to and extends
over a portion of the planar surface of the exciter disc; and at
least two magnetic-sensitive detectors disposed in said region of
the meter housing, proximate to and spaced from the exciter disc,
for cooperating with the magnets of the exciter disc for producing
a signal representing rotation of the exciter disc.
Because of the configuration of the invention, the exciter disc
rotates in a partially screened area, having the shape of a gap.
This produces minimum braking action by the exciter disc on the
flowing medium. The effect is further enhanced by the smooth edging
of the disc, whereby a "paddlewheel effect", as is possible
in devices according the current state of the art, is prevented.
The gap formation allows the scanning of the exciter disc from its
flat surface. For this purpose, at least two detectors are provided
in the region of the wall gap, which respond to magnetic fields.
The disc carries two magnets or has two magnetic areas which act
in an axial direction whereby the magnetic flux lines pass virtually
across the gap wall. For preference, Hall effect sensors are used
as detectors for the magnetic field. Such Hall effect sensors are
preferably fitted into a detector chamber, which is accessible from
outside and which is separated from the measuring chamber by an
aluminium wall so that the sensors are no longer within the flameproof
area of the flow meter. Such measures significantly reduce the demands
that have to be made on the sensors. Assembly too is simplified,
since the screwing of the sensors into threads contained in the
housing may now be omitted. For preference, the detector chamber
is assigned to a part of the housing, which is mounted onto the
screw spindle chamber. This simplifies assembly, since the separation
level is in the region of the gap. For preference the exciter disc
comprises eight magnets, which are uniformly disposed in a circle
on the disc. The magnets may be oriented either in parallel or,
alternating, in antiparallel. The gap wall facing the spindle housing
is partly formed in a further advantageous development of the invention
by a screen covering one of the spindle bearings and having an aperture,
through which the liquid may flow in an axial direction. The detector
housing reaches into the measuring chamber approximately up to the
axis of the spindle, respectively of the exciter disc, so that about
one half of the disc penetrates the gap. This reduces the forces
acting upon the disc by the flow of the fluids. In addition, the
disc is very flat; its thickness is many times smaller than its
diameter, thereby reducing its moment of inertia. This reduces non-linear
The invention prevents the projection of components into the D-shaped
measuring chamber. Electrical components, when contained in the
separate detector chamber, may be easily screened, both from external
magnetic or electric influences and from the measured fluid medium.
At least two Hall effect sensors, arranged in the detector chamber,
may be positioned exactly so as to obtain information on phase angles
and, thereby, providing information on the direction of rotation
of the disc. The magnetic disc segments, which act by their faces,
consist of soft and small magnetic formations, arranged in a circle
around the disc centre. The measuring chamber cross section in the
region of the exciter disc is greater than or equal to the smallest
cross section of the path of the fluid. This arrangement limits
fluid accelerations in the region of the exciter disc to within
the tolerable range.
The invention is described in detail below and on hand of the drawings
appended. Depicted are:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 The cross section of the device according to the invention
FIG. 2 a section along line II--II in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 a section from FIG. 1 in the region of the measuring chamber
FIG. 4 a second example of the invention and
FIG. 5 a section through the measuring chamber of the example of
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
According to the invention the flow meter has an elongated shape.
A housing 1 contains two meshing screw spindles, forming a closed
volume. The spindles are held in ball bearings 18 for ease of operation.
Ball bearings 18 are in each case arranged at the ends of screw
spindles 2 3. One of the two screw spindles carries an exciter
disc 4 at its outlet end, which is screwed onto the end of the spindle.
An inlet flange 15 is mounted at the inlet of spindle housing 1
having an axial inlet opening 8 through which the fluid is pumped
into the spindles. At the opposite end of spindle housing 1 a detector
housing assembly 12 is mounted, having a seal 10. The detector housing
assembly 12 provides a chamber, which is assessable from outside
and which is separated from the measuring chamber 17 by an isolating
partition. The detector housing assembly 12 is followed in the axial
spindle direction by an outlet flange 14 which is similar in construction
to inlet flange 15 and which has an outlet orifice 9 also in axial
direction. Between housing parts 1 and 12 and in the region of seal
10 a screen 19 is provided, which covers bearing 18 supporting
one end of spindle 3. Screen 19 has a central aperture 19' through
which the fluid exits. A screw protrudes through aperture 19' to
form the axle for disc 4 and whereby disc 4 is rigidly connected
to spindle 3. Screen 19 forms a wall 13" of gap 13 through
which about one half of disc 4 rotates. The opposite wall 13' is
formed by the partition of detector chamber 7 which is contained
within housing assembly 12. The partition wall of detector chamber
7 is parallel to the surface of disc 4. As can be seen--particularly
from FIG. 2--the equally spaced magnets 5 which are disposed on
disc 4 pass through gap 13 and along partition wall 13'.
Within detector chamber 7 magnetic field sensors are arranged adjacent
to each other--in the example shown there are two, 6 6'. The spacing
of detectors 6 6' differs from that of the magnets on the disc,
so as to be able to determine the phase angle of disc 4 and thereby
its direction of rotation. Detector chamber 7 has a cable feed-through
for the connecting lead to the Hall effect sensors 6 6'. In addition,
the chamber is provided with a lid 16 to allow closure of the chamber
after assembly of the detectors 6 6', which, for example, could
be mounted onto a printed circuit board.
Disc 4 is mounted as axial extension of spindle 3 and is provided
with a plurality of discrete magnets. Disc 4 is about half-blanked
by wall 13' of detector chamber 7 and the disc partially rotates
within a gap. Disc 4 has a smooth surface and otherwise penetrates
into a D-shaped measuring chamber 17 through which the fluid flows.
If liquid is pumped into screw spindles 2 3 then these are made
to rotate. Disc 4 which now also rotates, generates an alternating
magnetic field which is detected by the Hall effect sensors 6 6'.
The sensors therefore supply a defined pulse signal which is taken
by cable for signal processing.
Although disc 4 rotates within the fluid flow, it has been shown
that the device according to the invention prevents inadmissible
influence through friction which could interfere with linearity.
It is particularly advantageous, to allocate a separate housing
component for the Hall effect sensors 6 6' within the housing assembly
In the versions depicted in FIGS. 4 and 5 disc 4 revolves within
a gap 13 which is formed by two parallel extensions of housing
assembly 12. Two of these extensions, 6 6' are fashioned into supports
for detectors, which extend over the surface of disc 4 to detect
the magnets 5 which have been applied to the disc and when these
pass below the sensors.
All features disclosed are significant inventions. By disclosing
the application, the contents of the disclosures of priority documents
which form part or are appended (copy of prior application) are
deemed to be fully included, including for the purposes of adaptation
of features of such documents in this present claim. The content
of this disclosure expressly includes the full contents of the German
translation of the Danish priority application.