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Hair Loss Patent

Use of pyrimidine 3-oxide derivatives for slowing down hair loss and topical compositions used

Hair loss abstract


Pyrimidine 3-oxide derivatives and their use for the treatment of hair loss. The compositions contain in a physiologically acceptable medium at least one compound corresponding to the formula (I): ##STR1## in which: R.sub.1 denotes a methyl or NHR.sub.4 group in which R.sub.4 denotes a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group or hydrogen; R.sub.2 denotes hydrogen or a group NHR.sub.4 in which R.sub.4 has the same meaning as above; R.sub.2 may also denote methyl when R.sub.1 denotes methyl; when R.sub.1 denotes NH.sub.2, R.sub.2 cannot be hydrogen; R.sub.3 may denote a hydrogen atom or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group which may optionally carry; a group OR.sub.5 in which R.sub.5 denotes a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group, a benzene nucleus which is optionally substituted by one or more C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy groups; R.sub.3 may also denote a halogen atom or a nitro or amino group; and the physiologically acceptable acid addition salts.

Hair loss claims


We claim;

1. Composition intended for topical application, characterized in that it contains, in a physiologically acceptable medium appropriate for a topical application, at least one compound corresponding to the formula (I): ##STR14## in which: R.sub.1 denotes a methyl or NHR group in which R.sub.4 denotes a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group or hydrogen;

R.sub.2 denotes hydrogen or a group NHR.sub.4 in which R.sub.4 has the same meaning as above; R.sub.2 may also denote methyl when R.sub.1 denotes methyl; when R.sub.1 denotes NH.sub.2, R.sub.2 cannot be hydrogen;

R.sub.3 may denote a hydrogen atom or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group which may optionally carry:

a group OR.sub.5 in which R.sub.5 denotes a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group,

a benzene nucleus which is optionally substituted by one or more C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy groups;

R.sub.3 may also denote a halogen atom or a nitro or amino group;

and the physiologically acceptable acid addition salts.

2. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the alkyl group denotes methyl or ethyl, the alkoxy group denotes methoxy or ethoxy and the halogen atoms denote chlorine or bromine.

3. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the compounds of formula (I) are chosen from the compounds corresponding to the formula (I) in which R.sub.1 denotes amino, R.sub.2 denotes amino and R.sub.3 denotes hydrogen or alternatively chlorine.

4. Composition according to claim 3, characterized in that the physiologically acceptable acid addition salts are chosen from the salts of sulfuric, hydrochloric, phosphoric, acetic, benzoic, salicylic, glycolic, aceturic, succinic, nicotinic, tartaric, maleic, pamoic [sic ], methanesulfonic, picric and lactic acid, and of amino acids.

5. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it is provided in the form of a lotion, shampoo, gel, foam, emulsion, vesicular dispersion, soap, spray or aerosol foam.

6. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the physiologically acceptable medium is a medium in which the compound of formula (I) is present either in the dissolved state or in the dispersed state.

7. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the physiologically acceptable medium consists of water or a mixture of water and a solvent chosen from C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 lower alcohols, alkylene glycols, alkylene glycol and dialkylene glycol alkyl ethers which are present in proportions of between 1 and 80% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.

8. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the medium is thickened by means of thickening agents.

9. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains one or more agents chosen from esterified oligosaccharides, hexosaccharic acid derivatives, glycosidase inhibitors, glycosaminoglycanase and proteoglycanase inhibitors, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, hyperemics, UV-A- and/or UV-B-screening agents, phosphodiesterase inhibitor, adenine cyclase activators; antioxidants and free radical scavengers, antidandruff agents, moisturizing agents, antiseborrheic agents, steroidal and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, antiandrogenic agents, hormones, retinoids, antibacterial agents, calcium-antagonising agents, phospholipids, diazoxide, linoleic or linolenic acids, anthralin andsanthracene derivatives, S-alkanoylsalicylic acid and its derivatives, penetration activators, and vitamins or provitamins.

10. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the composition additionally contains preservatives, stabilizers, pH-regulating agents, osmotic pressure modifying agents, emulsifiers, UV-A- and UV-B-sunscreens, antioxidants and perfumes.

11. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains, by way of surface-active agent, surface-active agents chosen from nonionic and amphoteric surface-active agents.

12. Composition according to claim 11, characterized in that the nonionic surface-active agents are chosen from polyhydroxypropyl ethers, oxyethylenated (C.sub.8 -C.sub.9)-alkylphenols containing from 1 to 100 moles of ethylene oxide, alkylpolyglucosides of formula:

and in that the amphoteric surface-active agents are chosen from amphocarboxyglycinates and amphocarboxypropionates.

13. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the medium consists of a ternary volatile mixture of alkylene glycol alkyl ether, ethyl alcohol and water.

14. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the medium is provided in the form of a gel or a thickened medium containing, by way of thickeners, heterobiopolysaccharides, cellulose derivatives, polyhydroxyethyl acrylates or methacrylates or polyacrylic acids crosslinked by means of a polyfunctional agent.

15. Composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it also contains a cationic and/or anionic surface-active agent.

16. Use of the compound corresponding to the formula (I) as defined in claim 1 in the nontherapeutic treatment of hair loss.

17. Process for the cosmetic treatment of hair or the scalp, characterized in that at least one composition as defined in claim 1 is applied to the scalp.

18. Composition according to claim 1, for application in the therapeutic treatment of hair loss.

19. Use of compounds corresponding to the formula (I) as defined in claim 1 for the preparation of a composition intended to be used in the therapeutic treatment of hair loss, in particular of alopecia.

Hair loss description

The present invention relates to the use of pyrimidine 3-oxide derivatives for slowing down hair loss and to the compositions containing these derivatives and intended for topical application to the scalp.

Compounds which are effective for the treatment of hair loss without, however, exhibiting side effects which could be inconvenient during prolonged application have been sought for many years.

Mucopolysaccharide-based compositions which are used for slowing down hair loss are particularly known.

The applicant company has discovered new pyrimidine 3-oxide derivatives which are particularly effective for slowing down hair loss. In particular, it has observed an increase in the number of hairs in the anagen phase or in the growth phase and a decrease in the number of hairs in the telogen phase or in the terminal phase of the hair. The increase in the ratio of the number of hairs in the anagen phase to the number of hairs in the telogen phase is an indication of the effect of these compounds on the treatment of hair loss. Moreover, these compounds have the advantage of not having side effects which may be inconvenient during prolonged application.

The subject of the invention is the use of pyrimidine 3-oxide derivatives for slowing down hair loss.

Another subject of the invention consists of the topical compositions intended for use in slowing down hair loss.

Other subjects of the invention will become apparent on reading the following description and examples.

The compounds used in conformity with the invention for slowing down hair loss are of the general formula: ##STR2## in which: R.sub.1 denotes a methyl or NHR.sub.4 group in which R.sub.4 denotes a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group or a hydrogen atom;

R.sub.2 denotes hydrogen or a group NHR.sub.4 in which R.sub.4 has the same meaning as above; R.sub.2 may also denote methyl when R.sub.1 denotes methyl; when R.sub.1 denotes NH.sub.2, R.sub.2 cannot be hydrogen;

R.sub.3 may denote a hydrogen atom a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group which may optionally carry:

a group OR.sub.5 in which R.sub.5 denotes a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl group,

a benzene nucleus which is optionally substituted by one or more C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy groups;

R.sub.3 may also denote a halogen atom or a nitro or amino group;

and the physiologically acceptable acid addition salts.

An alkyl group preferably denotes, in conformity with the invention, a methyl or ethyl group, the alkoxy group preferably denotes methoxy or ethoxy, the halogen atoms preferably denote chlorine or bromine.

The preferred compounds which may be used in conformity with the invention are the compounds corresponding to the formula (I) in which R.sub.1 denotes amino, R.sub.2 denotes amino and R.sub.3 denotes hydrogen or alternatively R.sub.1 denotes amino, R.sub.2 denotes amino and R.sub.3 denotes chlorine.

The compounds corresponding to the general formula (I) can also be obtained for example by hydrogenolysis, in the presence of palladium on charcoal, of compounds corresponding to the formula (II) which is defined below, in which Z denotes a halogen atom and preferably chlorine or bromine.

The reduction is performed according to the conventional method described in the literature (D. J. Brown, The pyrimidines, supplement II, Vol. 16, chapter X, page 360, Interscience Pub. 1985; Cowden and Waring, Aust. J. Chem. 94, 1539 (1981) according to the following reaction scheme: ##STR3##

The compounds of formula (I) can also be used in the form of their physiologically acceptable acid additional salts such as the salts of sulfuric, hydrochloric, phosphoric, acetic, benzoic, salicylic, glycolic, aceturic, succinic, nicotinic, tartaric, maleic, pamoic [sic], methanesulfonic, picric and lactic acid, of amino acids and more particularly of aceturic acid.

These compounds are generally used for the treatment of hair loss in compositions which can be provided in the form of a lotion, shampoo, gel, foam, emulsion, vesicular dispersion, soap, spray or aerosol foam.

The compositions intended for topical application are essentially characterized in that they contain, in a physiologically acceptable medium appropriate for topical application, at least one compound Corresponding to the formula (I) or one of its acid addition salts defined above.

The compound of formula (I) is present in proportions of between 0.1 and 10% by weight and preferably between 0.2 and 5% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.

The physiologically acceptable medium may consist of any medium appropriate for a topical application, either in the cosmetic field or in the pharmaceutical field, which is compatible with the active substance. The compounds conforming to the invention may be present in this medium either in the dissolved state or in the dispersed state, especially in micronized form.

The physiologically acceptable medium may consist of water or a mixture of water and a solvent or a mixture of solvents. The solvents are chosen from cosmetically or pharmaceutically acceptable organic solvents and are chosen more particularly from C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 lower alcohols such as ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, tert-butyl alcohol, alkylene glycols, alkylene glycol and dialkylene glycol alkyl ethers such as ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, propylene glycol monomethyl ether and diethylene glycol monoethyl ether. The solvents, when they are present, are in proportions of between 1 and 80% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.

The medium may be thickened by means of thickening agents commonly used in the cosmetic or pharmaceutical field.

The thickeners are preferably present in proportions of between 0.1 and 5% by weight and in particular between 0.4 and 3% by weight relative to the total weight of the composition.

These compositions may also contain:

esterified oligosaccharides such as those described in EP-A-0,211,610 and EP-A-0,064,012;

hexosaccharic acid derivatives such as those described in EP-A-0,375,388, in particular glucosaccharic acid;

glycosidase inhibitors such as those described in EP-A-0,334,586, in particular D-glucaro-l,5-lactam;

glycosaminoglycanase and proteoglycanase inhibitors such as those mentioned in EP-A-0,277,428, in particular L-galactono-1,4-lactone;

tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as those described in EP-A-0,403,238, in particular 1-amido1-cyano-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethylene;

hyperemics such as:

nicotinic acid esters including more particularly benzyl and C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl nicotinates, and especially methyl and benzyl nicotinate, as well as tocopherol nicotinate;

xanthine bases including more particularly caffeine and theophylline;

capsicin;

UV-A- and UV-B-screening agents such as methoxycinnamates and benzophenone derivatives;

phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as Visnadine.sup..RTM. ;

adenine cyclase activators such as Forskolin;

antioxidants and free radical scavengers, in particular

OH radicals such as DMSO;

.alpha.-tocopherol, BHA, BHT;

superoxide dismutase (SOD);

antidandruff agents such as omadine and octopirox;

moisturizing agents such as urea, glycerine, lactic acid, .alpha.-hydroxyacids, thiamorpholinone and its derivatives, and lactones;

antiseborrheic agents such as S-carboxymethylcysteine, S-benzylcysteamine and their derivatives, and thioxolone;

steroidal and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents such as hydrocortisone, betamethasone, dexamethasone and niflumic acid;

antiandrogens and hormones such as estriol, estradiol, thyroxine, oxendolone and diethylstilbestrol;

retinoids including more particularly alltrans-retinoic acid also called tretinoin, isotretinoin, retinol or vitamin A and its derivatives such as the acetate, palmirate or propionate, motretinide, etretinate, and zinc all-trans-retinoate;

antibacterials chosen more particularly from macrolides, pyranosides and tetracyclines, and especially erythromycin;

calcium antagonists among which Cinnarizine and Diltiazem may be mentioned by way of nonlimiting examples;

phospholipids such as lecithin;

diazoxide (3-methyl-7-chloro[2H]-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide);

linoleic and linolenic acids;

anthralin and its derivatives;

5-alkanoylsalicylic acid and its derivatives as described in Patent FR-25 81 542;

penetration activators such as THF, 1,4-dioxane, oleyl alcohol, 2-pyrrolidone, benzyl salicylate and the like;

vitamins or provitamins such as .beta.-carotene, biotin, panthenol and its derivatives, vitamin C, and vitamins B.sub.2, B.sub.4 and B.sub.6.

These compositions may also contain cyclic AMP and MPS.

These compositions may also contain preservatives, stabilizers, pH-regulating agents, osmotic pressure modifying agents and emulsifiers.

The compounds conforming to the invention may also be combined with surface-active agents including especially those chosen from nonionic and amphoteric surface-active agents.

Among the nonionic surface-active agents, there may be mentioned the polyhydroxypropyl ethers described especially in French Patents Nos. 1,477,048; 2,091,516; 2,169,787; 2,328,763 and 2,574,786; oxyethylenated (C.sub.8 -C.sub.9)alkylphenols containing from 1 to 100 moles of ethylene oxide and preferably 5 to 35 moles of ethylene oxide; and alkylpolyglycosides of formula:

in which n ranges from 8 to 15 inclusive and x from 1 to 10 inclusive.

Among the amphoteric surface-active agents, there may be mentioned more particularly the amphocarboxyglycinates and the amphocarboxypropionates defined in the CTFA dictionary, 3rd edition, 1982, and sold especially under the name Miranol.sup..RTM. by the company Miranol.

The compounds according to the invention may be introduced into carriers which further improve the regrowth activity while at the same time possessing advantageous properties from the cosmetic point of view, such as ternary volatile mixtures of alkylene glycol alkyl ethers, especially C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylene glycol or dialkylene glycol, preferably C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 dialkylene glycol, of ethyl alcohol and of water; the preferred alkylene glycol alkyl ethers are ethylene glycol monoethyl ethers, propylene glycol monomethyl ether and diethylene glycol monomethyl ether.

Cationic and/or anionic surface-active agents may also be used.

The compounds conforming to the invention may also be introduced into gelled or thickened carriers such as essentially aqueous carriers gelled by means of heterobiopolysaccharides, such as xanthan gum, scleroglucans or cellulose derivatives, in particular cellulose ethers, aqueous alcoholic carriers gelled by means of polyhydroxyethyl acrylates or methacrylates or essentially aqueous carriers thickened in particular by means of polyacrylic acids crosslinked by means of a polyfunctional agent such as the Carbopols sold by the company Goodrich.

The subject of the invention is also a process for the cosmetic treatment of hair or of the scalp, consisting in applying to them at least one composition as defined above, for the purpose of improving the appearance of the hair.

The treatment mainly consists in applying the composition as defined above to the alopecic areas of the scalp of an individual.

The preferred method of application consists in applying 1 to 2 g of the composition to the alopecic area, at a rate of one to two applications per day, for 1 to 7 days per week and this for a period of 1 to 6 months.

The subject of the invention is also a composition intended for the therapeutic treatment of hair loss, especially alopecia, this composition corresponding to the definition of the compositions for topical application defined above.

The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention without, however, being of a limiting nature.


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