Patent Information Search
 
Machine Tools Patent
 

Device for receiving and separating chips created by machine-tools and coolant (sealant)

Machine tools abstract

A device for receiving and separating chips and coolant collecting on machine tools, having a filter drum (12) that has an internal bearing ring (13) on each of its two ends, which each engage in an external bearing ring (16) so that they rotate together, spring elements (19), which run parallel to the axis of the filter drum (12), are provided which are supported on one side on the internal bearing ring (13) and on the other side on the external bearing ring (16), each of the external bearing rings (16) is seated in a bearing shell (23 24), which is fixed to the housing, and is supported on it in the axial direction, and sealing elements (17) are provided between each of the internal bearing rings (13) and the external bearing rings (16).

Machine tools claims

What is claimed is:

1. A device for receiving and separating chips and coolant collecting on machine tools, the coolant being returned for reuse and the shavings being removed, comprising: a receiving tank to receive the chips and the coolant; a rising guide section adjoining the receiving tank; an elevated discharge section adjoining the guide section; a chain-like closed transport element, which, at least in the region receiving the chips and the coolant and in the discharge section, is guided over at least first and second deflection elements, at least one of which is coupled to a rotary drive; and a filter drum rotatably mounted in a housing, which is in drive connection with the transport element, wherein: the filter drum comprises an internal bearing ring on each of its two ends, each of which engages in an external bearing ring so that they rotate together; spring elements, which run parallel to the axis of the filter drum, are provided which are supported on one side on the internal bearing ring and on the other side on the external bearing ring; each of the external bearing rings is seated in a bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, and is supported on it in the axial direction; and sealing elements are provided between each of the internal bearing rings and the external bearing rings.

2. The device according to claim 1 wherein the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, comprises multiple parts.

3. The device according to claim 2 wherein each of the external bearing rings forms a labyrinth seal with the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing.

4. The device according to claim 3 wherein at least one annular sealing element is positioned in the course of each labyrinth seal.

5. The device according to one of claims 1 2 3 or 4 wherein the internal diameter of the internal bearing ring is tailored to the smallest internal diameter of the external bearing ring and to the internal diameter of the filter drum.

6. The device according to one of claim 5 wherein the external bearing shell has a pressure connection for supplying filtered coolant to wash the space between the external bearing ring and the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing.

7. The device according to one of claims 1 2 3 or 4 wherein the bearing shell has a pressure connection for supplying filtered coolant to wash the space between the external bearing ring and the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing.

Machine tools description

The present invention relates to a device for receiving and separating chips and coolant collecting on machine tools, the coolant being returned for reuse and the chips being removed, having a receiving tank to receive the chips and the coolant, a rising guide section adjoining the receiving tank, an elevated discharge section adjoining the guide section, a chain-like closed transport element, which, at least in the region receiving the chips and the coolant and in the discharge section, is guided over deflection elements, at least one of which is coupled to a rotary drive, and a rotatably mounted filter drum, which is in drive connection to the transport element.

The bearings of such a filter drum are also necessarily subjected to axial stress and, as a consequence, are also always subject to wear.

The object of the present invention is therefore, above all, to reduce the wear occurring through axial bearing load and lower the requirements on the elements cooperating in the axial direction in a device of the type initially described.

This object is achieved according to the present invention in that the filter drum has an internal bearing ring on each of its two ends, each of which engages in an external bearing ring so that they rotate together, spring elements, which run parallel to the axis of the filter drum, are provided which are supported on one side on the internal bearing ring and on the other side on the external bearing ring, each of the external bearing rings is seated in a bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, and is supported on it in the axial direction, and sealing elements are provided between each of the internal bearing rings and the external bearing rings.

Slight tolerance deviations between the internal and external bearing rings may be compensated by the arrangement of spring elements here.

In this case, the spring elements are preferably seated in a bore of the internal bearing ring and act on a face of the respective external bearing ring. Sealing elements between these two bearing rings prevent unfiltered coolant from being able to pass into the clean region by going around the filter. The spring pressure on the external bearing ring is transmitted in the axial direction onto the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, i.e., into a zone in which the radial surfaces slide on one another and wear occurs. The spring pressure acting on the external bearing ring causes compensation in the event of this type of wear.

The device according to the present invention may be implemented in such a way that each of the external bearing rings forms a labyrinth seal with the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing. For this purpose, it is expedient for the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, to be implemented in multiple parts. In addition, an annular sealing element may be arranged in the course of the labyrinth seal to further promote sealing.

In addition, it is possible to prevent the escape of unfiltered coolant into the clean region by applying filtered coolant under excess pressure to the seal from the outside, so that escape of unfiltered coolant to the outside, and therefore into the region of the filtered coolant, is counteracted very reliably. Furthermore, this prevents chips, which produce increased wear of the bearing, from being washed into the bearing with the unfiltered coolant penetrating into the bearing.

To prevent deposits in the inside of the filter drum, it may be expedient for the inner diameter of the internal bearing ring to be tailored to the smallest internal diameter of the external bearing ring and the internal diameter of the filter drum.

In the following, several embodiments of the device according to the present invention are described with reference to the drawing.

FIG. 1: shows a schematic side view of a device of the type described here,

FIG. 2: shows a detail view of a filter drum connected to a scraper chain,

FIG. 3: shows an axial section through the filter drum,

FIG. 4: shows a detail view of the bearings of the filter drum shown in FIGS. 2 and 3

FIG. 5: shows a detail view of a filter drum connected to a hinged belt conveyor,

FIG. 6: shows an axial section through the filter drum shown in FIG. 5

FIG. 7: shows a detail section concerning the bearings of the filter drum shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 and

FIG. 8: shows a detail section of bearing ring and pressure connection.

FIG. 1 shows the side view of an embodiment of the device according to the present invention having a receiving tank 1 which is open on top and receives the chips and coolant collecting on the machine tools. This receiving tank has an overflow edge 2. A rising guide section 3 which transits into an elevated discharge section 4 adjoins the receiving tank.

A scraper belt, guided on both sides by rollers, is provided here as a transport element. This scraper belt is guided around a lower deflection element 6 on the end of receiving tank 1 and runs around an upper deflection element 7 which is coupled to a drive, not shown, in the region of discharge section 4. The scraper belt carries scraper elements 9 arranged at intervals, which project downward in the region of the lower conveyor section, i.e., in the direction toward the bottom of receiving tank 1 and/or toward side wall 10 of rising section 3. The transport direction of scraper belt 5 is indicated by arrow 11.

A filter drum 12 is provided which is rotatably mounted in the housing of the device. The two ends of filter drum 12 are implemented as identical mirror images of one another.

They have an internal bearing ring 13 which carries filter covering 14 and engages axially outward in a shoulder seat 15 of an external bearing ring 16. Internal bearing ring 13 is therefore partially overlapped by shoulder seat 15 of external bearing ring 16. A sealing ring 17 is provided in the region of this overlap, which prevents unfiltered coolant from passing into the inside of the drum filter in the region of this overlap.

Internal bearing ring 13 is connected to external bearing ring 16 in the region of shoulder seat 15 which ensures that both bearing rings always rotate together, and therefore relative movements do not arise in the region of shoulder seat 15. Sealing ring 17 is therefore only statically stressed.

Multiple bores 18 which run parallel to the axis of drum filter 12 are provided in internal bearing ring 13 in each of which coil springs 19 are seated, which press against face 20 of external bearing ring 16. This has the consequence that external bearing ring 16 performs a pressure against external element 23 of the bearing shells mounted in the housing of the device via angular section 22 provided on its external axial edge. Occurrences of wear must be expected here in the course of time between angular section 22 and external element 23 of the bearing shells. Such occurrences of wear are compensated through the axial pressure performed by coil springs 19 without anything further.

External element 23 of the bearing shell is connected to an internal element 24 which, in its radially internal region, has an edge-shaped profile 25 which engages in the angular section of external bearing ring 16. Therefore, a labyrinth seal, which prevents the escape of unfiltered coolant, is formed on one side by the cooperation of external bearing element 23 and internal bearing element 24 and external bearing ring 16 with its hook-shaped angular section 22. This may be encouraged if filtered coolant is passed through the course of the seal in the region of the bearing. External bearing ring 16 is expanded conically toward the outside and its internal diameter is tailored to that of internal bearing ring 13 and the tension of the drum seal.

In the embodiment illustrated, a scraper belt 5 is provided which is guided on both sides via rollers 27.

The embodiment shown in FIGS. 5 to 7 differs from that previously described only in that a hinged belt conveyor 28 is provided in this case, which is also supported on both edges via rollers 27.

FIG. 8 shows internal bearing ring 13 which engages via screw 29 in external bearing ring 16 so that they rotate together. The bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, and which is formed from internal bearing element 24 and external bearing element 23 has a pressure connection 26 via which the labyrinth seal formed from external bearing ring 16 and the bearing shell, which is fixed to the housing, is washed with filtered coolant.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

1 receiving tank 2 overflow edge 3 guide section 4 discharge section 5 scraper belt 6 deflection element 7 upper deflection element 8 - 9 scraper elements 10 side wall 11 arrow 12 filter drum 13 internal bearing ring 14 filter covering 15 shoulder seat 16 external bearing ring 17 seal 18 bore 19 coil springs 20 face 21 - 22 angular section 23 external bearing element 24 internal bearing element 25 edge-shaped profile 26 pressure connection 27 roller 28 hinged belt conveyor 29 screw


Method and device for axis control for machine tools and the like
Multiple operator station for machine tools
Pallet with adjustable anchorage system for equipping the clamping fixture of a rough piece to be machined with machine tools
Set of parts for building small machine tools
Position transducer for machine tools and measuring machines
Safety apparatus in connection with work loading device to safe guard machine tools operation

PAT. NO. Title
7085664 Method and device for axis control for machine tools and the like
7035710 Device for automating and/or controlling of machine tools or production machines
7031799 Control structure for the active damping of low-frequency oscillations in numerically controlled machine tools
7014760 Device for receiving and separating chips created by machine tools and coolant (overflow)
6981221 Method and data network for automatically configuring a parameterizing surface of machine tools or production machines
6975919 Monitoring system, method for the process-parallel monitoring of collision or overload situations in machine tools
6971595 Self-fed shredder device for shavings-removing machine tools
6945147 Clamping device for machine tools
6905294 Main shaft device for machine tools
6865440 Numeric control apparatus for machine tools
6860380 Workpiece transfer device for machine tools
6858053 Exhaust system, in particular, for housing-type enclosures of machine tools
6832880 Operating head for automatic machine tools, with projecting interchangeable chuck unit
6789299 Quick change tooling system for machine tools
6733217 Workpiece holding means for machine tools and more especially for milling and/or drilling machines
6712299 Self-feeding shredder device for machine tools with swarf removal
6626058 C-axis driving system for machine tools
6615102 Process and system for compensating static errors on numerically controlled machine tools
6609706 Work fixing jig for machine tools
6539313 Monitoring procedure and a monitoring installation for numerically controlled machine tools
6513410 Tool holder for machine tools and tool system for machine tools
6456897 Control method and numerical control for motion control of industrial machine tools
6456222 Sensor signal converter for machine tools and production machines, and also robots
6389873 Tool-holder for machine tools
6370994 Clamping device for machine tools
6349626 Clamping device for machine tools
6189426 Method and apparatus for suppressing regenerative instability and related chatter in machine tools
6148985 Safety device on metal-forming machine tools
6109499 Device for moving wire on machine tools
6105951 Work positioning jigs for machine tools

Copyright © 2006 - 2015 Patent Information Search