Office furniture abstract
Multiple station modular office furniture including a primary table
top partitioned to be shared privately by four users and coordinated
with two lateral table tops partitioned to be shared by said four
users so that each user has a primary table portion and a lateral
table portion, vertical panels assembled with said tops utilizing
slots in said panels and tops to provide a balanced, stable, strong
Office furniture claims
The novel invention has been described. The following claims are
1. Balanced modular furniture comprising at least two work stations,
a first work station for one user and a second work station for
a second user, each of said first and second work stations including
at least two horizontal panel portions forming two vertically supported
working tables having an adjacent side marginal free edge of each
of their working surfaces extending generally laterally at right
angles to each other so as to include in vertical projection an
arc of 90 degrees and to provide a space between said adjacent free
edges for each user of the two work stations and of the two working
tables for each of two users,
the said two work stations include four working tables comprising
two sets of two table portions each and wherein the first work station
includes a first table portion and a second table portion and the
second work station includes a third table portion integral with
said first table portion to form a first integral one-piece member
but partitioned therefrom by a first vertical partitioning panel
member having a slot therein for engaging and joining with an intermediate
part of the first integral one-piece member which includes the first
table portion and the third table portion, a fourth table portion
integral with said second table portion to form a second integral
one-piece member but partitioned therefrom by said first vertical
partitioning panel which has another slot therein for engaging with
an intermediate part of the second integral one-piece member which
includes the fourth table portion and the second table portion;
said first vertical partitioning panel member partitioning the
first table portion from the third table portion having a side marginal
free edge adjacent to a side marginal free edge of the first table
portion with the second table portion arranged to extend generally
laterally and at right angles to the first table portion and said
second table portion is partitioned by said first partitioning panel
from the fourth table portion having a side marginal free edge adjacent
to a side marginal free edge of the third table portion which is
at right angles to the third table portion,
a second single vertical panel member spaced from said first and
third table portions supporting a margin of said second working
table portion and a margin of said fourth table portion, a third
vertical panel spaced from said first and second vertical panels
supporting said first table portion and a fourth vertical panel
spaced from the first, second, and third vertical panels supporting
the third table portion,
panel members forming a document storage unit, at least one of
said single integral vertical panels serving to support said document
storage unit above and vertically spaced from a working table portion,
a plurality of said panels including said horizontal portions and
vertical panels being formed with one or more slots and being assembled
with one another as aforesaid by means of said slots which cooperate
with surfaces of said panels to effect the joining of said panels
into a stable, strong, and balanced structure.
2. Balanced modular furniture in accordance with claim 1 in which
the assembly includes four work stations in a stable, strong, and
balanced structure and wherein
there are four sets of two table portions and wherein an extension
of said first vertical partitioning panel member partitions a fifth
table portion from a seventh table portion and a sixth table portion
having a side marginal free edge adjacent to a side marginal free
edge of the fifth table portion which is arranged to extend generally
laterally at right angles to said fifth table portion and from an
eighth table portion having a side marginal free edge adjacent to
a side marginal free edge of the seventh table portion which is
arranged to extend generally laterally at right angles to said seventh
table portion and wherein
a fifth integral vertical panel supports a margin of each of said
sixth and eighth table portions and wherein said third vertical
panel also supports said fifth table portion and wherein said fourth
vertical panel also supports said seventh table portion, and wherein
a sixth vertical panel and an extension thereof partition the first
table portion from the fifth table portion and partition the third
table portion from the seventh table portion.
Office furniture description
The present invention is related to an innovative modular office,
reception, and industry furniture, structured on the basis of multiple
sections which are assembled using slots and ridges, to integrate
a modular furniture which consists of four working areas, with filing
cabinets, bookshelves and individual lateral tables or to integrate
a whole piece comprising two individual modules which include a
desk, a filing cabinet and a table which is shared by both modules.
Due to the innovative structure, form, assembly, and functional
features of the individual sections, the modular office furniture
now provided and the modular furniture with a shared table for the
two individual modules are considered notable developments in this
BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION
In the field of industrial activity of the manufacture of office
furniture, the typical desk is well known and these are manufactured
in a great variety of designs basically consisting of a horizontal
desktop, held by several legs, generally four, with or without drawers
in some designs, with a horizontal work area including integrated
or detachable shelves.
On the other hand, recently, modular office furniture is being
designed, which commonly comprises one or more working tables, separated
by vertical dividers which can be adjusted and removed. These modules
are built with the purpose of occupying the least possible space
to be used by the greatest number of persons possible. In many offices,
the area allocated for the working furniture of the personnel is
generally restricted, thus it becomes necessary to use small desks
or small modules, individually adjustable, to accommodate the greatest
number of persons possible. The known modules have solved part of
that problem, but have the disadvantage of being uncomfortable or
very expensive, since in its manufacture not only wood is used,
but also other materials such as steel, aluminum and even plastics.
Another disadvantage of the conventional modules is that its assembly
is labour intensive since generally they are heavy or difficult
to adjust, requiring qualified laborers and considerable time in
the operations of assembly and removal. Besides, in the majority
of the cases, the modules do not satisfactorily solve the problem
of little available space, since the area they occupy is considerable
and on their account it becomes necessary to sacrifice comfort and
functional considerations if the intent is to place a great number
of modules in a limited space.
Moreover, frequently, it is necessary to address specific problems
that also result from specific activities, such as those of the
receptionist of an office or industry, and for this type of activity
generally there is no appropriate modular furniture. Of course,
the most commonly used ones can be employed, or a simple desk, but
these do not solve the problem adequately.
With the innovative modular furniture now claimed, the previously
exposed problems are satisfactorily solved since it offers significant
advantages; it can be used for reception tasks in offices or industries;
it occupies little space; exhibits the maximum utilization of a
common table shared by two individual modules; it is built with
a minimum of sections; its cost is low and is built with just one
material, although eventually other materials can be used in its
manufacture; it is light, easy to transport and can be assembled
and removed easily without the need of qualified laborers.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is related to a modular office furniture,
consisting of several pre-cut panels which are assembled through
the use of joined slots to define the individual working modules,
separated one from another.
The assembly through the use of "joined slots" as above
stated is sometimes recited as the use of "slots and ridges".
In the lexicography of this specification it is to be understood
that "joined slots" and assembly "using slots and
ridges" express the same meaning. In other known constructions
joints include "mortise and tenon", "tongue and groove",
and "male member and female member". In the construction
recited herein and illustrated in the drawings, the slots of two
different panel members are joined in such a way that one of the
slots acts as a female member and the two opposite plane surfaces
of a second panel member, which may also be slotted, acts as a male
member. In this sense the joining of the two slots results in an
assembly corresponding to an assembly of a female member and a male
The panels are built with just one material and artificial light
fixtures can be adapted for evening work.
It is thus one of the objects of the present invention, a modular
office furniture of innovative design, consisting of multiple panels
assembled using slots found in determined places of its surfaces.
Another objective is that the modular office furniture is light,
easy to assemble, remove and transport.
Another objective is that the modular furniture provides the maximum
utilization of its work areas, within a minimum use of space.
Another objective is that the modular furniture offers greater
functional features than the conventional modules or desks.
Still another objective is that the modular furniture presents
structural characteristics which make it appropriate for its utilization
in the reception areas of offices and industries.
The previous and other objectives of the invention will be evidenced
with greater clarity and detail in the following chapter of the
description of the patent.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
In order to acquire clear and complete knowledge of how the modular
office furniture of the present invention is structured, reference
will be made to the drawings, of which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the modular office furniture, arranged
generally in a cross and provided with filing cabinet, bookshelves
and lateral table.
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective of the modular furniture shown
in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 illustrates a perspective view of the modular office furniture,
provided with a lateral table, in a cross arrangement, without filing
cabinet and bookshelves.
FIG. 4 is a perspective of the modular office furniture in a rectangular
arrangement and provided with a double filing cabinet.
FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective of the modular furniture shown
in FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a perspective of the modular office furniture in a rectangular
arrangement, without filing cabinet.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of another form of modular furniture.
FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective of the modular furniture in FIG.
FIG. 9 is a front view of the common table for the two modules,
illustrated in FIG. 7.
FIG. 10 is a front view of one of the individual modules and, finally,
FIG. 11 is a top plan view of the form of modular furniture of
the present invention, as illustrated in FIG. 7.
As presented in the drawings, the modular office furniture consists
of various panels which are assembled through a system of slots
and ridges. Referring to FIG. 1 the vertical and horizontal panels
are shown in their assembled positions and in FIG. 2 is shown in
a very clear manner the sectional components of the furniture, given
that the panels in FIGS. 1 and 2 are the same, reference is made
to both Figures. For ease of and greater understanding, the vertical
panels are mentioned first, followed by the horizontal ones of the
main parts of the furniture and finally the panels which constitute
the document storage unit such as the filing cabinet and the bookshelves.
In this Specification the term "document storage unit"
is generic to "filing cabinet" and "bookshelves".
The two lower panels 4 each with a vertical slot, at the right
and left sides of the furniture, are assembled with the corresponding
protruding ridges of panel 1. There are four panels 5 which constitute
the furthest right and left superior edges of the furniture, these
panels do not have slots or ridges and to assemble they are inserted
in the slot of the upper edge of panel 1 in such a fashion that
they face each other. Two panels 2 are part of the principal divider
of the four working areas in a cross arrangement of the modular
furniture. Panels 2 have two horizontal slots which meet and two
ridges in two different sides of the panel. The two panels 2 when
they are assembled, join and each rests in the corresponding slot
of the panel in the horizontal panel 7 and the horizontal panel
8. Panels 6 in pairs, constitute the other two edges of the furniture
and when assembled they are joined with the corresponding ridges
of panels 2. Panels 6 each have only one vertical slot. The other
leading divider of the furniture that enables the appearance of
the four working areas, is constituted by two panels 1 and, as mentioned
previously, they help define the four working areas of the modular
furniture. These panels 1 have a horizontal slot, two ridges in
two different sides of the panel. The two panels 1 when assembled,
join through the horizontal slot of panel 7 and the horizontal slot
of panel 8 thus coming together.
The horizontal panels 7 8 and 9 are comprised in the modular
office furniture. Panel 7 has four slots, one in each of the four
sides of the panel. Panel 7 is properly the working table of the
furniture. Panel 8 with four slots, one in each of the four sides
of the panel, constitutes the upper surface of the furniture. Panels
which fit into the slots of panels 7 and 8 have been mentioned previously.
Panel 9 has a slot which, when assembled, rests in the corresponding
vertical slot of panel 2. Panel 9 which constitutes the lateral
working table is joined with panel 2 so that each panel 9 constitutes
the lateral working table for two areas.
As illustrated in FIG. 1 the horizontal panel 7 is separated into
at least two working table portions by the vertical partition panel
member 2. Also illustrated in FIG. 1 the horizontal panel 9 which
extends in a lateral direction from horizontal panel 7 is also separated
into two table portions by vertical partitioning panel member 2.
Further as illustrated in FIG. 1 the vertical panel member 6 supports
a margin of the laterally extending horizontal panel 9. It is to
be understood that the term "lateral" and expression "extending
generally laterally" means "to one side in the relation
that one leg of a right angle bears to the second leg of said right
angle. As illustrated in FIG. 1 wherein the horizontal panel 9
constitutes the lateral working table for two areas, it may be observed
that the defined space between a free edge of the horizontal panel
7 and the adjacent free edge of the generally laterally extending
panel 9 provide a space for a user of portions of panels 7 and 9
as a work station. Thus it will be understood that this lateral
arrangement positively positions and defines the angular space for
the user of a work station.
Referring to the drawings including particularly FIGS. 1 and 2
it will be understood that the structure provides for a plurality
of panels including horizontal table portions and vertical panel
members formed with one or more slots and assembled with one another
by means of said slots which cooperate with surfaces of said panels
to effect the joining and interconnecting of said panels into a
stable, strong and balanced structure.
Panels 12 13 14 and 15 constitute the filing cabinet of the
modular office furniture. Panel 12 see FIG. 2 has two slots and
four ridges, two lower and two upper. The two panels 12 through
their lower ridges allow for these to rest on the upper surface
of panel 8. Panel 13 see FIG. 2 has two ridges, one in each side
and, when assembled, the ridges rest in the upper slots of panel
12. Panel 13 properly defines two spaces in the filing cabinet for
each working area of the modular office furniture in such a manner
that there can be filing cabinets for two working areas or all four
which comprise the furniture. Panel 14 which has no slots or ridges,
rests over the upper ridges of the two panels 12. Panel 14 once
assembled becomes the upper part of the filing cabinet. Panel 15
which has no slots or ridges, in pairs, form part of the door of
each of the two sections of the filing cabinet and joins the edges
of panels 12 through a system of sliding hinges.
The bookshelves of the modular office furniture comprise panels
10 and 11. Panel 10 has a slot in one of its sides and two perpendicular
slots to the aforesaid slot in another two sides. Panel 10 in pairs
rests through one of its slots in the upper edge of panel 2. The
two panels 10 constitute the lateral walls of the bookshelves. Panel
11 in pairs, has two parallel slots next to each one of its ends,
which, when assembled, rest in the corresponding two slots of panel
10. Panel 11 constitutes the base of the two sections of the bookshelves
for each working area of the furniture, so that there can be bookshelves
in two or all four working areas of the furniture, in which case
four panels 10 are needed and four panels 11.
FIG. 3 shows modular office furniture where the reference numbers
have the same significance to those given to FIGS. 1 and 2. In FIG.
3 the furniture is shown without the filing cabinet or the bookshelves
which are shown in FIG. 1 or 2 the previous one as an example of
the possibility to incorporate accessory components or complementary
parts to a main structure.
The three figures previously described correspond to the cross
arrangement of the modular office furniture with four working areas.
Next, with the help of FIGS. 4 5 and 6 will be described another
form of the modular office furniture which corresponds to a rectangular
arrangement with four working areas.
FIG. 4 shows a perspective view of the modular office furniture
consisting of two panels 4 which form the lower portion of the unit.
All the panels mentioned for the FIGS. 4 5 and 6 except 3 have
the same reference numbers and what is more important, the same
structural characteristics, as well as the same type of assembly
as those mentioned for FIGS. 1 to 3.
Panels 4 are assembled with the corresponding protruding ridges
of panel 1. Panels 5 in sets of 4 constitute the two upper portion
of the furniture, and they fit in the corresponding slot of panel
1. Panel 3 provided in pairs, constitutes the principal divider
of the modular furniture and has a horizontal slot and also a protruding
ridge parallel to the slot in the upper edge. Panel 3 when assembled,
fits through the slot in the corresponding slot of panel 8. Panel
1 provided in pairs, constitutes the other principal divider of
the modular furniture, and, when assembled, fits into the corresponding
slots of panels 7 and 8. The horizontal panel 7 constitutes the
working table for the four working areas and through its four slots
it joins with panels 2 and 3 and two panels 1. The horizontal panel
8 constitutes the upper surface of the modular furniture, and its
four slots join with two panels 1 and two panels 3.
The filing cabinet for this style of the modular furniture is built
in the same manner as in the arrangement for FIGS. 1 and 3 with
panels 12 13 14 and 15 which are assembled in the same fashion,
and with sliding hinges 16.
FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective of the embodiment in FIG. 4 and
its parts have already been described in detail. FIG. 6 shows the
modular furniture in a rectangular arrangement but without the filing
cabinet which appears in FIGS. 4 and 5 which means that the filing
cabinet is optional, depending upon the needs of the user, and,
of course, the reference numbers in the FIG. 6 have the same significance
as those given for the FIGS. 4 and 5.
The modular furniture consists of various panels depicted in FIGS.
7 8 9 10 and 11. Panels 101 and 102 being of the same design,
that is, squares, which are held in a vertical position in the furniture,
with a horizontal slot at approximately half height, as well as
a slot in the upper portion of the panel which also defines a parallel
addition to and in the same place where the slot at mid height previously
mentioned is found. Each of these panels when assembled is joined
by one of its sides, inserted in the horizontal slots of the two
horizontal panels 103 and 104 these panels, a lower and an upper,
are rectangular and have slots close to one end and parallel to
one of the shorter sides of the rectangle. The panels 101 and 102
through their mid level slot are assembled with the respective ones
of the lower panel 103 and with its upper protruding ridge, are
assembled with the respective slots of the upper panel 104. In this
manner the panels 101 and 102 are assembled into one of the sides
of the individual modules, or, from another angle, the back panel
of the furniture. The lower horizontal panel 103 constitutes the
working area of both individual modules which comprise the furniture,
while the horizontal upper panel 104 is the base over which the
filing cabinet rests. The filing cabinet within the modular furniture
is built with a horizontal upper panel 105 two vertical lateral
panels 106 and 107 as well as two doors made up of sliding panels
108. The panels 106 and 107 have four protruding ridges, one in
each corner, so that by assembling the upper panel 105 which slides
between the two protruding ridges of the panel 106 so it fits into
the respective two slots of the panel 107. The same happens with
the base of the filing cabinet made up by the panel 104 in accordance
with the structure of the filing cabinet, which is common for the
the two individual modules and thus divided internally in two sections
by a rectangular panel with two protruding ridges, one in each side
116. The ends of the panels 103 and 104 opposite to where the previously
mentioned two protruding ridges are found, has a slot perpendicular
to the previous two. In other words, that slot is parallel to the
longer sides of these rectangular panels.
In the perpendicular slot of the lower horizontal panel 103 will
be placed panel 109 the panel held in a vertical position in the
modular furniture, a square, and with several protruding ridges,
has a primary horizontal slot which is one used to assemble panel
103. Panel 102 is associated with big vertical slots parallel to
one of the ends of the panel 109 that are co-linear upper and lower
slots. In these slots are assembled the edges of one side of the
panels 101 and 102. Panel 109 has a third vertical slot close to
the opposite side of the two co-linear slots. In the third slot
are inserted two vertical panels 110 and 111 which have two of their
sides parallel and of the two other sides one is straight and vertical
and the other is slanted. Panel 109 properly constitutes the divider
between the two individual modules which comprise the furniture,
and panels 110 and 111 constitute one side of the work area represented
by panel 103. Panel 109 has two protruding ridges, the first perpendicular
to the third slot. This first protruding ridge is inserted in the
corresponding slot of the panel 104 the second protruding ridge
is found in the opposite side of the co-linear slots and is used
to receive panel 112 by means of its respective slots. Panel 112
which is rectangular, constitutes the front of the table shared
by the individual modules. The position of panel 112 in the modular
furniture is vertical and it also has the vertical slot already
mentioned, two protruding ridges, one in each side of the shorter
sides of the rectangular panel. These two protruding ridges along
the edges are inserted through a vertical slot. The panels 112 and
114 form the sides of the table. The structure of the table of the
modular furniture is completed through a big horizontal panel, rectangular
with only one slot, perpendicular and in the mid section of one
of the edges of the longer sides. Panel 115 is inserted through
this slot in the second horizontal slot in panel 109 which is found
opposite and in a different plane from the first horizontal slot
of said panel 109.
The variables which can be extracted from the described modular
furniture, with that structural system and assembled as described,
Also, it is feasible to place multiple modular furniture units,
as the described, within work areas with many employees or in public
The material used for the manufacture of the modular furniture
is varied, for example: natural wood, wood by-products, plastics,
metals and a combination of these materials. The panels used are
those known as "single-face panels" which render an attractive
appearance and offer good structural resistance and there are also
The length, width and height of the panels can vary and there are
no limitations in this regard. In the market panels can be found
of several lengths and widths.