Patent Information Search
 
Water Filter Patent
 

Filter element for a gravity-flow water filter

Water filter abstract

A filter element 28 for a gravity-flow water filter. An inlet screen 44 divides a cylinder 48 into two functionally distinct portions, an overflow chamber 24 and a filter body 26 which contains a filter medium 54. A wire half-loop 16 suspends overflow chamber 24 from an adjustable water source and positions overflow chamber 24 to catch the water outflow from the source. Wire half-loop 16 also positions overflow chamber 24 at a distance from the source so that there is a gap 22 between overflow chamber 24 and the source. The potential for water rising and spilling from overflow chamber 24 induces a user to adjust the source flow to less than a characteristic rate. When the flow is adjusted so that water level in overflow chamber 24 is not rising, the water level continues dropping until the flow of water from the source continuously enters the screened entrance of filter body 26 with no appreciable pressure head. Thus water moves more slowly through filter body 26 and filter medium 54 than if there were an appreciable pressure head at the entrance to filter body 26. With slower water motion, there is longer water-to-filter-medium contact, giving superior filtering effectiveness. Filtered water from filter element 28 is captured and accumulated in a receiver container 40 for later use.

Water filter claims

I claim:

1. A filter element for a gravity-flow water filter for home water treatment, comprising:

(a) a filter body of impermeable material which contains a filter medium selected from the group consisting of activated carbon, activated alumina, and ion exchange resin, said filter body having means defining an inlet and means defining an outlet, said inlet being above said outlet,

(b) foraminous inlet means fixed at said inlet and foraminous outlet means fixed at said outlet so that a flow of water may pass through the combination of said filter body and said foraminous inlet means and said foraminous outlet means while said filter medium remains inside said filter body,

(c) an overflow chamber attached to said inlet,

i) said overflow chamber being formed by an impermeable, stiff wall attached to said filter body in a watertight connection, said stiff wall essentially maintaining its shape if said overflow chamber is filled with water,

ii) said overflow chamber surrounding and extending above said inlet, the upper edge of said wall forming an entrance to said overflow chamber, whereby water from means defining an adjustable water source may fall into said overflow chamber, and from there move through said inlet into said filter body,

iii) said overflow chamber being limited in water holding capacity to a maximum of 0.4 liters, whereby said overflow chamber will fill, overflow and spill inconveniently when the flow rate of water entering said overflow chamber exceeds a characteristic flow rate, said characteristic flow rate being the constant flow rate allowed by the resistance to flow presented by said inlet and by the portion of said filter element below said inlet when water continuously just covers said inlet, whereby the possibility of an inconvenient water overflow and spill from said overflow chamber induces and gives motive for a user to introduce water to said overflow chamber by adjusting said adjustable water source to a flow rate less than said characteristic flow rate, which adjustment is guided by noting whether the water level in said overflow chamber is rising or falling, whereby the water level in said overflow chamber will drop until the stream of water from said adjustable water source falls into said overflow chamber and enters said inlet with no appreciable head of water standing above said inlet, whereby water will move more slowly through said filter medium than if there had been an appreciable head of water at said inlet, whereby said filter medium acts more effectively on water flowing through said filter medium, whereby said user is discouraged from the alternative way of introducing water of giving inconveniently numerous discrete fillings to said limited overflow chamber in order to filter a convenient quantity of water,

(d) a wire half-loop attached to said overflow chamber.

2. The invention of claim 1 further including means defining an adjustable water source.

3. The invention of claim 2 wherein said wire half-loop detachably suspends said overflow chamber from said adjustable water source in a position to capture the outflow from said adjustable water source.

4. The invention of claim 3 wherein said wire half-loop detachably suspends said overflow chamber below said adjustable water source, said wire half-loop being sized so as to provide a gap between said overflow chamber and said adjustable water source, whereby water may overflow through said gap when the flow rate of water entering said overflow chamber from said adjustable water source exceeds said characteristic flow rate, whereby said overflow chamber and said adjustable water source join in a non-watertight connection.

5. The invention of claim 4 further including means defining a plurality of lip holes spaced around the upper portion of said overflow chamber.

6. The invention of claim 5 wherein said wire half-loop is formed by connecting a wire to a pair of said lipholes, whereby said wire half-loop may be loosely placed over a suitable projection on said adjustable water source, said wire being flexible so that said wire half-loop can flex and can conform to said projection, thereby aiding the positioning of said overflow chamber under said adjustable water source.

7. The invention of claim 6 wherein said wire has memory to retain shape, each end of said wire being passed through a different one of said lip holes and loosely twisted back around a portion of said wire that is not passed through one of said lip holes, whereby said wire can be detached and reattached to said lip holes, whereby the length of said wire half-loop may be varied to lengths appropriate for dissimilar adjustable water sources.

8. The invention of claim 2 wherein said adjustable water source is a refillable dispenser, said refillable dispenser being a container for liquids having an adjustable spigot and means defining a filler opening whereby said refillable dispenser may be refilled for repeated uses.

9. The invention of claim 1 further including a stopper of compressible material which is fitted into said outlet with a watertight fit, said stopper having means defining an axial through hole for allowing an outflow from said filter body, said stopper being sized so that it can be put into and withdrawn from said filter body, whereby said filter medium may be inserted into or extracted from said filter body.

10. The invention of claim 9 wherein said foraminous outlet means is an outlet screen of mesh material, said outlet screen covering the upstream interior end of said axial through hole.

11. The invention of claim 10 further including

(a) a nipple means connected to said axial through hole means for collecting and conveying all treated water that flows through said axial through hole means and

(b) a flexible tube detachably connected to said nipple means, whereby filtered water can be conveniently conveyed to a receiver container.

12. The invention of claim 1 wherein said filter body and said overflow chamber are formed by a cylinder that is hollow with both ends open.

13. The invention of claim 12 wherein said foraminous inlet means is an inlet screen of mesh material with a circular shape, said inlet screen being sized to fit snugly into said cylinder.

14. The invention of claim 13 further including an upper collar and a lower collar which are of cylindrical shape and are sized to fit snugly into said hollow cylinder, said upper and said lower collars being fixed inside said cylinder, said upper and said lower collars being set close together so as to hold stationary said inlet screen therebetween, whereby the position of said inlet screen establishes and defines the position of said inlet, the portion of said cylinder above said inlet screen thereby being defined as said overflow chamber, and the portion of said cylinder below said inlet screen thereby being defined as said filter body.

Water filter description

I claim:

1. A filter element for a gravity-flow water filter for home water treatment, comprising:

(a) a filter body of impermeable material which contains a filter medium selected from the group consisting of activated carbon, activated alumina, and ion exchange resin, said filter body having means defining an inlet and means defining an outlet, said inlet being above said outlet,

(b) foraminous inlet means fixed at said inlet and foraminous outlet means fixed at said outlet so that a flow of water may pass through the combination of said filter body and said foraminous inlet means and said foraminous outlet means while said filter medium remains inside said filter body,

(c) an overflow chamber attached to said inlet,

i) said overflow chamber being formed by an impermeable, stiff wall attached to said filter body in a watertight connection, said stiff wall essentially maintaining its shape if said overflow chamber is filled with water,

ii) said overflow chamber surrounding and extending above said inlet, the upper edge of said wall forming an entrance to said overflow chamber, whereby water from means defining an adjustable water source may fall into said overflow chamber, and from there move through said inlet into said filter body,

iii) said overflow chamber being limited in water holding capacity to a maximum of 0.4 liters, whereby said overflow chamber will fill, overflow and spill inconveniently when the flow rate of water entering said overflow chamber exceeds a characteristic flow rate, said characteristic flow rate being the constant flow rate allowed by the resistance to flow presented by said inlet and by the portion of said filter element below said inlet when water continuously just covers said inlet, whereby the possibility of an inconvenient water overflow and spill from said overflow chamber induces and gives motive for a user to introduce water to said overflow chamber by adjusting said adjustable water source to a flow rate less than said characteristic flow rate, which adjustment is guided by noting whether the water level in said overflow chamber is rising or falling, whereby the water level in said overflow chamber will drop until the stream of water from said adjustable water source falls into said overflow chamber and enters said inlet with no appreciable head of water standing above said inlet, whereby water will move more slowly through said filter medium than if there had been an appreciable head of water at said inlet, whereby said filter medium acts more effectively on water flowing through said filter medium, whereby said user is discouraged from the alternative way of introducing water of giving inconveniently numerous discrete fillings to said limited overflow chamber in order to filter a convenient quantity of water,

(d) a wire half-loop attached to said overflow chamber.

2. The invention of claim 1 further including means defining an adjustable water source.

3. The invention of claim 2 wherein said wire half-loop detachably suspends said overflow chamber from said adjustable water source in a position to capture the outflow from said adjustable water source.

4. The invention of claim 3 wherein said wire half-loop detachably suspends said overflow chamber below said adjustable water source, said wire half-loop being sized so as to provide a gap between said overflow chamber and said adjustable water source, whereby water may overflow through said gap when the flow rate of water entering said overflow chamber from said adjustable water source exceeds said characteristic flow rate, whereby said overflow chamber and said adjustable water source join in a non-watertight connection.

5. The invention of claim 4 further including means defining a plurality of lip holes spaced around the upper portion of said overflow chamber.

6. The invention of claim 5 wherein said wire half-loop is formed by connecting a wire to a pair of said lipholes, whereby said wire half-loop may be loosely placed over a suitable projection on said adjustable water source, said wire being flexible so that said wire half-loop can flex and can conform to said projection, thereby aiding the positioning of said overflow chamber under said adjustable water source.

7. The invention of claim 6 wherein said wire has memory to retain shape, each end of said wire being passed through a different one of said lip holes and loosely twisted back around a portion of said wire that is not passed through one of said lip holes, whereby said wire can be detached and reattached to said lip holes, whereby the length of said wire half-loop may be varied to lengths appropriate for dissimilar adjustable water sources.

8. The invention of claim 2 wherein said adjustable water source is a refillable dispenser, said refillable dispenser being a container for liquids having an adjustable spigot and means defining a filler opening whereby said refillable dispenser may be refilled for repeated uses.

9. The invention of claim 1 further including a stopper of compressible material which is fitted into said outlet with a watertight fit, said stopper having means defining an axial through hole for allowing an outflow from said filter body, said stopper being sized so that it can be put into and withdrawn from said filter body, whereby said filter medium may be inserted into or extracted from said filter body.

10. The invention of claim 9 wherein said foraminous outlet means is an outlet screen of mesh material, said outlet screen covering the upstream interior end of said axial through hole.

11. The invention of claim 10 further including

(a) a nipple means connected to said axial through hole means for collecting and conveying all treated water that flows through said axial through hole means and

(b) a flexible tube detachably connected to said nipple means, whereby filtered water can be conveniently conveyed to a receiver container.

12. The invention of claim 1 wherein said filter body and said overflow chamber are formed by a cylinder that is hollow with both ends open.

13. The invention of claim 12 wherein said foraminous inlet means is an inlet screen of mesh material with a circular shape, said inlet screen being sized to fit snugly into said cylinder.

14. The invention of claim 13 further including an upper collar and a lower collar which are of cylindrical shape and are sized to fit snugly into said hollow cylinder, said upper and said lower collars being fixed inside said cylinder, said upper and said lower collars being set close together so as to hold stationary said inlet screen therebetween, whereby the position of said inlet screen establishes and defines the position of said inlet, the portion of said cylinder above said inlet screen thereby being defined as said overflow chamber, and the portion of said cylinder below said inlet screen thereby being defined as said filter body.


Water filter having a filter use time indicator
Water filter with strainer scraping means
Orally operable water filter
Hinge down refrigerator water filter

PAT. NO. Title
5804072 Water filter with strainer scraping means
5730863 Replaceable water filter assembly for water-bottle fed cooler housing
5715699 Refrigerator water filter
5707518 Refrigerator water filter
5693219 Apparatus for backwashing a water filter
RE35667 Faucet-mounted water filter with wall inlet and annular chamber
5656160 Counter top water filter
5635064 Waste water filter
5558762 Portable water filter and valve assembly
5549124 Water filter for cigarettes
5411661 Water filter module
5348647 Water filter with back wash function
5344558 Water filter cartridge
5330640 Portable water filter having an inlet conduit with a weight and float construction
5322625 Filter element for a gravity-flow water filter
5318703 Water filter module
5277805 Rechargeable water filter
5178758 Biochemical water filter
5164082 Water filter having lever controlled plunger
5151179 Faucet connected water filter
5149428 Water filter with extended operational period
5135645 Refrigerator water filter
5133871 Water filter
5133385 Changeover valve for water filter
5002665 Device for filtering water with filter insert
4895651 Personal, portable, disposable tap water filter
4865056 Easily breakable plastic capsule and a water filter for a cigarette using the same
4863103 Combination sink spray and water filter apparatus
4824565 Personal, portable, disposable tap water filter
4814078 Water filter cartridge
4773998 Water filter
4770768 Water filter apparatus and aerator assembly

Copyright © 2006 - 2015 Patent Information Search